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Maximize Yields in Your Soybean Fields

Enhanced nutrient strategies mean more productive soybeans

Each soybean field, variety, and production system has unique nutrition needs. Today’s high yield soybeans, in particular, require more nutrients to reach their full potential, including nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S).

Supplemental N + S. A Secret to Success.

N and S work hand in hand to promote a healthier soybean plant and greater yield.

Soybeans Can’t Do it All on Their Own

Many people think supplemental N isn’t needed on soybeans because the plant fixes its own N from the atmosphere. While soybeans do naturally fix about 50% of the N they need, supplemental N is necessary to close the gap to achieve maximum yields. The higher the yield potential, the greater the gap.

The soybean plant needs S just as much as N, but stricter EPA emissions regulations have minimized atmospheric S depositions. In fact, most soils across the U.S. are currently receiving no more than about 5 lbs. S per acre from the sky. The lack of S available to the plant can become problematic if not addressed, as S is essential in the synthesis of S-amino acids and proteins, chlorophyll formation, and nodulation.

3-Year Wet Sulfate Deposition (Source: epa.gov)

Wet SO42- (kg/ha)

1989–1991

2014–2016

Both nutrients are critical to full-season plant health

The application of N and S at the time of planting gives soybeans the jump start they need early in the spring. In high yield environments (>70 bu/acre), an additional N and S application may be necessary later in the season to make sure these nutrients are not limiting during pod filling.

It’s critical that both N and S are available to the plant throughout the season in order to ensure the plant achieves maximum yield and produces high-quality soybeans. Both nutrients are vital to photosynthesis, thus impacting yield. They are also building blocks of amino acids, which impacts soybean quality.

Times Have Changed. And, Your Yields Can Too.

The opportunity to maximize soybean yields is increasing, but it requires evolving management strategies beyond traditional thinking. Below are a few key reasons why you need to think about N and S on soybeans differently than before.

Provide what your seeds need

Today’s high yield soybean varieties require more N and S than ever before to maximize yield potential and ensure the plant is healthy throughout the season. It’s important to work with your agronomic advisor on developing a plan that will balance your crop’s nutrition with varieties and management practices to maximize yield potential. These varieties not only have higher overall S needs, but also half of their total S needs are required during the reproductive stages (similar to the case of N).

Mobile Nutrients Require More Planning

Recent wet years have increased the likelihood of leaching losses. Because S and N are both mobile within the soil, it’s critical to manage these nutrients in each field, particularly on coarser soils following a rainy season or high yielding harvest.

Organic Matter (OM) is the main reserve of both N and S within the soil, and S-responsive soils have traditionally been associated with low OM levels. Recently, however, yield responses to S have been showing up even in heavier textured soils with higher OM levels as a result of less “free” S from atmospheric depositions and higher yielding harvests. Yield responses to S can also be influenced by the effects of colder weather on mineralization as a result of earlier planting or by N and S immobilization by cover crops.

You Already Know Ammonium Sulfate (AMS). Have you Tried it On Soybeans?

It’s likely that you are already familiar with AMS. But what you may not know is the potential impact it can have on your soybean yield. Below are a few reasons why you should consider AMS your preferred S source.

3 Things to Consider When Making Your Fertilizer Decision

Maximizing yields on soybeans with AMS should be a field-by-field decision you discuss with your agronomic advisor. When you do, take the time to consider the following field-specific factors.

Nutrient analysis

Know your starting point and work with your advisor to understand what your limiting nutrients are within each field. Ensure that soil pH is within the optimum range to make the most out of all nutrients: those already in the soil and those applied via fertilization.

Organic matter

While fields receiving S fertilization have traditionally been lower organic matter and coarser soils, in recent years S deficiencies have been recorded in higher organic matter and heavier soils, mainly as a result of cleaner air and higher yields.

Yield potential

The higher the yield potential of the chosen variety, the more opportunity to gain ROI from a second AMS application as the crop approaches reproductive stages.

Talk with your preferred agronomic advisor about AMS on soybeans today.

Research and Resources

Sulf-N® ammonium sulfate fits the 4R nutrient stewardship approach for S and N fertilization of high yield-potential soybeans.

Right Rate

With clean air regulations, total S depositions have declined from 20 lb S/acre to ~0, but a 75 bu/acre crop needs ~15 lb S/acre. This is a critical gap in many soils. Notably, 20-25 lb N/acre is all that is needed to boost early growth and/or to complement soil N and biological N during reproductive stages.

Right Time

  • Soybeans can benefit from S and N applied within 2-3 weeks of planting. S is essential for biological N fixation, and N can boost early growth while nodulation establishes.
  • Soybeans may benefit from N and S applied at bloom or shortly after – soil N plus biological N fixation may not be enough to grow 75+ bu/acre, plus 50% the N and S is taken up after flowering.

Right Place

A 100% sulfate-S source can be applied as a granule on the soil surface and will be immediately available for root uptake with the first rain. An N source that resists volatilization loss, such as AMS, may be broadcast- applied over previous crop residue or over the soybean field.

Right Source

  • Sulf-N® resists N loss and provides immediately-available S.
  • Soybean field soybean studies have shown S responses of up to 13 bu/acre.
  • There is no need to incorporate into the soil; it will solubilize and become available to roots with the first rain.
  • It is proven to be 2X more efficient than fertilizer applications composed of 50% of S in the elemental form.

Videos

White Papers

Sulf-N® Ammonium Sulfate Outperforms Elemental Sulfur Formulations in Soybean Field Trials

In field trials conducted by Purdue University in 2016 and 2017 and recently reported in Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Sulf-N® ammonium sulfate was twice as efficient as two other commercial sulfur (S) formulations containing the same total S, but with half of it in the form of elemental S.

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Modern Soybeans Require More S and N

Purposeful nutrition management and timely planting can pay off in yield. Increasingly, soybeans are becoming more than just something to rotate with corn. Savvy growers are learning that high-yielding soybean varieties, if managed intentionally, will pay off the extra effort in yield.

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Brochure

Maximize Profit Opportunities in Soybeans

Soybeans are more than just a crop to rotate with corn. Well managed, high-yielding varieties also provide opportunities to increase your profits. To achieve the full genetic potential of these varieties, good fertility is critical.

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Summary of Research Efforts

AdvanSix continues to sponsor research exploring the benefits of N and S application to soybeans, partnering with both universities and contract research organizations across a variety of geographic regions. Field trials are planned for locations across the following states: Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Minnesota and Virginia, with research focusing both on the yield impact of N and S fertilization and the timing of the application.

Presentations

Nutrient Management for High Yield Soybeans
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